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Chapter 7 4 Skeletal System Assignments Sheets For Absence Student

Welcome to Ms. Stephens’ Anatomy & Physiology Class
          
                Email: astephensscience@gmail.com

               Class website:  www.astephensscience.com

              Tutorial:  3:45-4:45 Wednesdays, or schedule an appointment.


Announcements:

The class website contains lesson plans, notes, and study links.  Please check the lesson plans to see what you missed, and for make-up work.

Notice to Parents & Students:

The class website is regularly updated for each unit.  Students are expected to check the class website prior to the next class when they are absent to not get behind.  There are many study resources available as well!


Course Syllabus: Anatomy and Physiology Syllabus 2017-18

** Please download the Course Syllabus by clicking the link above and confirm you have read the course syllabus by clicking the link below and completing the following form**

Syllabus Confirmation and Contact Form



Class Materials 
  • 11/2" three ring binder
  • 5 divider tabs
  • 2 packs of college ruled paper
  • 1 pack of copy paper
  • #2 pencils/pen
  • notecards
I want to make sure my students at Maynard Jackson High School have the materials they need to succeed, so I created a request for my classroom at DonorsChoose.org:
Anatomy and Physiology Students Need Dissection Specimens!
My project only has 30 days to go and we need your support. If you chip in to help my students, you'll get awesome photos and our heartfelt thanks.

Mission Possible at Maynard Jackson High School 
Prezi of Class procedures and rules
Class Procedures Quiz
Online Multiple Intelligence Test-- Save As... to save the graph of your results, print, email me, or save  using copy ScreenShot and paste in a word doc.  Bring results to class. 

 










Cat Dissection
Learning Objectives:
1. SWBAT identify and describe the principal structures of the cat brain; IOT relate each to its function in the body.

2. SWBAT identify important parts of the cat brain in a preserved specimen; IOT demonstrate techniques used by scientist in the lab.


Autopsy Article - read about the history of autopsies
Lab Guide - Lists all of the structures you will need to identify on the cat
Lab Guide Questions - answer as your group dissects the cat, describe the anatomy, structures and locations
Cat Dissection Gallery - shows the main structures you will need to identify for the cat practice.











  
​                                  Unit 9:   Immune System
                      Learning Goals:  SWBAT analyze the physical, chemical, and                                                            biological properties of process systems as these relate to                                                            transportation, absorption and excretion within the immune                                                        systems.
                                  Immune System ppt
                                  Immune System notes fill-in
                                  Immune Defense notes part 2 fill-in
                                   Video Questions:
                                    The Incredible Human Machine
​                                    Case Studies-Immune System







    Digestive System/Excretory System
        Learning Goals:
          1.  Describe the functions of the digestive system.
            2.  Compare and contrast chemical and mechanical digestion.
            3.  Describe the pathway of food through the alimentary canal organs (7 total) and for each organ, state the type of digestion (mechanical and/or chemical) that occurs.  If chemical digestion occurs, additionally state what enzyme is involved and what is broken down.
           4.  Explain the role of the pancreas and describe each of the five pancreatic secretions.


                                    
                                   Digestive system ppt
                             Digestive system notes fill-in part 1and 2
                             Tour of the Digestive System-Stations






Chicken Embryonic Development Foldable Project
Rubric for Embryonic chicken foldable
Flight:  The genius of birds-Embryonic Development
              Study Guide
​Chick Embryo Development Video Reference
www.youtube.com/watch?v=D6Wl2DrAwWI





Social and Economic issues will also be discussed as it relates to human reproduction and human populations.
​Reproductive System
Learning Goals:
                       *Students will analyze the role of the reproductive system as it pertains to the growth and development of humans.
                         a. Explain how the functions of the reproductive organs are regulated by hormonal interactions.
                         b. Describe the stages of human embryology and gestation including investigation of gestational and congenital disorders (e.g. ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, cleft palate, hydrocephaly,  fetal alcohol syndrome).
                         c. Describe the stages of development from birth to adulthood (i.e.  neonatal period, infancy, childhood, adolescence and puberty, and maturity). 





Circulatory System                                            Learning Goals:
​        * SWBAT analyze the physical, chemical, and biological properties of  process systems as these relate to transportation, absorption and excretion, including the cardiovascular systems.
                   *SWBAT Analyze, and explain the relationships between the  respiratory and cardiovascular systems as they obtain oxygen needed for the oxidation of nutrients and removal of carbon dioxide.
                    *SWBAT Relate the role of the urinary system to regulation of body wastes (i.e. water electrolyte balance, volume of body fluids).
Cardio Vocabulary List
Cardiovasular System ppt
Cardiovasular System notes fill-in part 1
Cardiovasular System notes fill-in part 2
Cirulatory song Blood Flow thru the heart quiz

CAHS Human Anatomy & Physiology is a survey course designed to introduce students to the structure and function of the human body. The prerequisite courses are Biology and Chemistry.  Most HW assignments are optional; quizzes and tests are compulsory.

*Current grades and Due dates for outstanding assignments/tests are posted on Infinite Campus.  Enter student ID for username and birthdate for password (a "blank" or "ex" for an assignment = exemption status granted)
anat_policies_and_procedures_2015-16.doc
File Size: 72 kb
File Type: doc
Download File


anatomy_final_exam_study_guide_2014-15.doc
File Size: 58 kb
File Type: doc
Download File


skull_flashcards_assignment.jpg
File Size: 543 kb
File Type: jpg
Download File


Week of 5/23: FINALS!
Mon
: A look at development and the effect of alcohol on the body; prep for guest speaker
Tues: Collecting Qtr 4 Journals; Guest Speaker from Lifeline of Ohio (you can make or change your decision here!).  Watch the two videos about organ donation below:
Ryan's Story
Ray of Hope - ESPN
Wed-Thurs: FINAL EXAM pt. 1 (49 Questions, 40 points with 3 possible extra credit points!) and 2 (43 questions, 43 points)
Fri: Finals make up; Wrap up with a final look at human physiology through analogy...

Week of 5/16: Reproductive Systems
Mon: Male reproductive system
Cadaver male urinary and reproductive (WARNING: not for the feint of heart/stomach!)
Tues: HW DUE (Digestive Clinical Application); Female reproductive system
TEDEd How Menstruation Works
Wed: Wrap up reproductive systems with a look at puberty
Teen Dreams
ThursHW DUE(Reproductive System Overview - MANDATORY!);  LAST Quiz (digestive and reproductive systems); Rat dissection pre-lab
Fri: Dissect rats/fetal pigs
Khan Academy Reproductive System unit
Female reproductive anatomy - Handwritten tutorials
Crash Course Reproductive System - Female
Crash Course Reproductive System - Male
Crash Course Reproductive - Sex and Fertilization
Crash Course Reproduction Pregnancy and Development
Body Story Body Snatchers (Pregnancy and Development)

Week of 5/9:Digestive System (Ch.17)
Mon: HW DUE (Macro/Micronutrients Questions); Saliva evolution
Tues-Wed: Discuss Digestive System
ThursHW DUE (Digestive System Overview);Quiz (Respiratory System, Nutrition and Digestive System ch. 17-19)
Fri: Wrap up the Digestive System with details of digestive enzymes; If you are absent - I recommend completing the enzyme review and watching the videos for review linked below
Crash Course Digestive System - pt. 1
Crash Course Digestive System - pt. 2
Crash Course Digestive System - pt. 3

Week of 5/2: Wrap up Respiratory
Mon: 2 HWs DUE (Respiratory System & Dissecting an Autopsy); Mods 9/10 will meet in the library during the Autopsy, the other sections will finish Incredible Human Machine (from Friday), discuss the Autopsy steps and terms during class
* TODAY is the optional Autopsy 11:00-12:30 in the Library
Tues: Continue with Respiratory System notes (ch. 19)
Wed: Wrap up Respiratory System
Khan Academy Meet the Lungs
Lung dissection
Khan Academy Asthma
Khan Academy Medicine: Types of Pulmonary Diseases
TEDMED Growing New Organs
Thurs: Discuss Human Nutritional Needs (Ch. 18)
Crash Course Digestive System pt. 1
Crash Course Digestive System pt. 2
Fri: HW DUE (Respiratory Clinical Applications); QUIZ (Respiratory)
Summer Discovery Opportunity
Next Week: Digestive System


Week of 4/25: Discuss Respiratory System  (Ch. 19)
Mon: Wrap up Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery and Urinary System, Introduce Respiratory system (Ch. 19)
​Crash Course Respiratory System
Tues: HW DUE (Urinary Review); Discuss Respiratory System
Bozeman Science Respiratory System
Thurs: Quiz 6 (Some Blood Vessel, Urinary System and intro Respiratory); more discussion/notes on Respiratory System anatomy
Crash Course Respiratory System Pt. 2
Crash Course Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
Fri: Watch National Geographic's Incredible Human Machine (it is on YouTube in segments and also, I think, on Netflix)
* Next week: Wrap up respiratory system with a closer look at the physiology and begin to focus on Digestive System; Monday 5/2 is the Autopsy videoconference (11-12:30) in the library.
Anatomy of the Respiratory System - pt 1
​Anatomy of the Respiratory System - pt. 2

Week of 4/18:
Mon: HW due (Ch. 15 Clinical Applications); Watch coronary artery bypass surgery
Tues: Discuss the Urinary System
Crash Course Urinary System - pt.1
Crash Course Urinary System - pt. 2
How our Kidneys Work (Khan Academy)
Thurs: more on urinary system, optional Kidney Transplant Surgical Videoconference from 11-12:30
hydrostatic and osmotic pressure affect fluid movement
Fri: HW dueQuiz 5 (Blood vessels and intro Urinary system), wrap up Bypass Surgery
TED talk - Printing a human kidney

* Next week: wrap up urinary system and discuss respiratory system (ch. 19)

Week of 4/11:Wrap up chapter 15 with Blood Vessels
Mon: Quiz 3 (Ch. 15.1-15.3), Discuss blood vessels
Good lecture on Blood Vessel Overview
Tues: More on blood vessels
Blood Vessel Man Lecture/Review
Blood Vessel Man Practice
Quick review of arteries
Quick review of veins
Thurs: Discuss Blood Pressure and review Blood Vessels (Worksheet)
Basics of Blood Vessels
​Heart Sounds and Blood Pressure
Fri: Quiz 4(Chapter 15.4-15.8), Label the Blood Vessels HW Due
Understanding Blood Pressure - AHA resource
Korotkoff and blood pressure practice
TED Talk - How I repaired my own Heart

Week of 4/4:
Mon: ALL Spring Break work due by today.  We will discuss 15.3 content: electrical conduction system of the heart and the two-part sound of the heart beat (lub-dub)
Anatomy of the Heart (Handwritten Tutorial video)
Conduction System of the Heart
Electrical System of the Heart (Khan Academy)
Tues: We will continue our discussion on the 2-part sound of the heart beat and look at vessels that supply/return blood to/from the heart muscle, systole and diastole and the effect of a heart attack
Lub-Dub/Systole and Diastole (Khan Academy)
Thurs: QUIZ RE-SCHEDULED FOR MONDAY!!  Pre-lab HW due tomorrow
Understanding Blood Pressure - AHA resource

Fri: Pre-Lab Q due, Sheep Heart Dissection
Dissection video
Another dissection video, this one with a "fresh" heart
Dissection Walkthrough
Cardiovascular lecture

Week of 3/21: First week of Qtr 4!!
REMINDER: Take-Home Quiz and Extra credit (pgs. 555-560 Questions 1-11 in the text; be sure to re-write the questions) is due BY April 4th!
Mon: Discuss ch. 15.2 content; practice 
Tues: Discuss ch.15.2 content
Thurs: SCHOOL LETS OUT at 2:00! Quiz 1 (Cardiovascular system 15.1-15.2)
Fri: SPRING BREAK!
SciShow explanation of cardiovascular system functions(Very Simplistic!)
Memorize Blood flow Through the Heart video
Blood Flow Through the Heart Made Easy video
Heart Anatomy Puzzle  - GREAT PRACTICE!
GREAT overall review of Intro Cardiovascular content

Week of 3/14: Last week of Quarter 3!!!

This week we will wrap up blood (14) and start cardiovascular (15)
Mon:HW DUE (More Blood Type Practice - the post-lab assignment); Revisit blood typing and immune response
Blood Typing game (Nobelprize.org)
Another Blood Typing game (Red Cross)
A look at Immune Response (Nobelprize.org)
Blood Typing Explanation video (Bozeman Science)
Understanding How Vaccines Work article (CDC)
Tues: Start chapter 15 with the structure of the heart (4 chambers, 4 vessels, 4 valves) and the flow of blood through the heart
​Penguin Prof - Blood Typing Review (sprinkles and donuts)
Thurs: QUIZ (Blood and intro cardiovascular), Practice Heart labeling
Fri: Practice Flow of blood through heart
*Next Week: We will continue with the cardiovascular system; Quiz on Thursday; you will get all Spring Break work (Quiz and Extra credit - Pgs. 555-560 Q1-11) by Tuesday (DUE the day we return from Break)!!

Week of 3/7:
This week we will wrap up Blood with a closer look at the role of blood in defense against disease (response to illness and the blood typing/antigen-antibody response)
Mon: A look at immune response to the flu
Tues: Discussion of blood typing; antigen-antibody response
Thurs: Blood Typing Lab ("More Blood Type Practice Due on Monday!)
Fri: Quiz (blood), HW DUE ("You're not my type" packet)

Week of 2/29: Wrap up muscles, Start Blood (Ch. 14)
Mon: QUIZ (Muscles - ch. 9.8), given HW due Friday
Muscles of the Thumb
Muscles of the Leg
Tues: Blood (ch. 14) discussion
Crash Course - Blood pt. 1
Thurs: Blood (ch. 14) discussion
Crash Course - Blood pt. 2
Fri: QUIZ (Muscles again and a little Blood), HW DUE (Blood Intro)

Week of 2/22: Wrap up muscles
Mon
: Muscles of the Leg
Tues: Overall Muscles practice, In-class time to study for the quiz; TURN IN THE (CLASSWORK) PRACTICE TODAY!!!
Thurs: Practice muscle identification online
Fri: More muscle practice 
* QUIZ next MONDAY!

Week of 2/15:  Muscles
Mon: NO SCHOOL!!
Tues: SNOW DAY!
Thurs: Muscles of the Trunk practice
Fri: NO Quiz!! Muscles of the Arms practice 
* Next week: wrap up muscles with legs, Quiz on Friday! 

Week of 2/8: PTC week!
Mon: We will spend the week discussing muscle naming and muscular system gross anatomy starting with the head and anterior trunk (chapter 9.7-9.8)
Tues: Wrap up muscle naming and categorization of muscles by movement; Discuss/practice head and neck muscles, HW Due (Clinical Applications)
Thurs: Discuss/practice head and neck muscles and anterior trunk - MANDATORY classwork.  HW Due (Muscle Movements, Types and Names)
FriQuiz (Muscle naming, Head muscles)

Week of 2/1: Chapter 9
Mon: (Read 9.3, starting at "Energy Sources for Contraction") HW DUE, Review muscle contraction, begin discussion of the energy sources for contractionTues: (Read 9.4, starting with "Types of Contraction"), continue with notes 
Thurs: Review the changes that occur when activity level changes
Body Story video
Fri:HW DUE, QUIZ (9.1-9.4), given HW due next Tuesday and Friday
Week of 1/25: Chapter 9
Mon: (Read 9.1-9.3) Review muscle structure and discuss the mechanism of contraction
Khan Academy - Anatomy of a skeletal muscle
Mr. Ford's Skeletal Muscle Structure
A look at skeletal muscle structure using plastic wrap
Tues: More on contraction events
​Action Potential and Muscle Contraction
​Sliding Filament Theory Animation
Khan Academy - Myosin and Actin
Khan Academy - Troponin and Tropomyosin
Thurs: HW DUE (Muscular Structure Review). We will practice and work on the in-class review given Tuesday, You have until next Monday to turn it in.
Khan Academy - Sarcomere length/Force of Contraction Relationship
Fri: Quiz (9.1-9.3)
* Next week: ATP and exercise!

Week of 1/20: Quarter 3!! Chapter 9: Muscles

No school on M and T
Thurs and Fri: Discuss the structure of skeletal muscle, HW due on Friday (Rigor Mortis article), Quiz on Friday (Skeleton, Joints overview)

Week of 1/11: LAST WEEK OF QUARTER 2
Mon: Notes to wrap up chapter 8 - movements of synovial joints
Body Movement review video
Joint Movement song
Tues: HW Due, We will work on Joint Movement worksheet (Due Thursday)
Thurs: HW Due, QUIZ (Joints)
Fri: Watch Surgeries
​HEALS opportunity

Week of 1/4: Welcome Back!
Mon: Winter break work DUE, Review bones and joint categories
Tues-Thurs: Chapter 8 Joint discussion
Fri: Quiz (chapter 8 and a little 7)

Week of 12/14: wrap up chapter 7, start chapter 8
Mon: Review lower appendicular
Tues: Foot HW due, Quiz (appendicular), WINTER BREAK WORK GIVEN - ALL IS DUE THE DAY WE RETURN FROM BREAK
Thurs-Fri: Discuss Joints, work on winter break "stuff"
Joint fundamentals - Mr. Ford's Anatomy class
Joint classification by structure - Mr. Ford's Anatomy class
Crashcourse Joints
The Skeletal System: Joints
Fibrous Joints
Cartilaginous Joints
Synovial Joints
Synovial Joint Types

Week of 12/7:Lower appendicular skeleton
Mon: Quiz (upper appendicular)
Tues- Thurs: Lower appendicular review
Fri: Wrap up lower appendicular
* Next week: Foot Coloring Due on Tuesday, Quiz on Tuesday  (appendicular skeleton), "Winter Break work" assigned

Week of 11/30: ALL break work due by Monday!
(if absent on Monday, it must be noted as "excused" for me to accept your quiz on Tuesday!)
Mon-Tues: wrap up upper appendages
Thurs: practice upper appendages
Fri: HW due (Hand label - front page only!)Quiz (appendicular skeleton) IS POSTPONED UNTIL MONDAY!!, Practice upper appendages.
* Next week: wrap up chapter 7 with lower appendages, start chapter 8 (joints)

Week of 11/23: Happy Thanksgiving!
Mon-Tues
: Continue with appendicular skeleton (arms bones) discussion, pass back quiz from last week

Week of 11/16: Appendicular skeleton
Mon: Flashcard HW due, Quiz (axial skeleton), Wrap up axial skeleton with spinal curvatures, vertebrae features (7.7-7.8)
Tues-Thurs:Discuss appendicular skeleton (7.9-7.12) and practice for the quiz
​Pectoral girdle anatomy video
Humerus anatomy video
Radius anatomy video
Ulna anatomy video
Wrist, hand and fingers anatomy video
Fri:Quiz (axial and beginnings of appendicular skeleton), given "break work"
* Next week: continue with appendicular skeleton

Week of 11/9:
Mon: Quiz 1 (skull), given HW due Thursday!
Tues: Discuss remaining axial skeleton (hyoid, rib cage, vertebral column) bone locations. HW ASSIGNED: FLASHCARD ASSIGNMENT Due Monday(click to see the assignment).  We will get into details/features of vertebral column and rib bones next week.
Thurs: HW Due (rib/vert labeling), Meet in computer lab room 126 to review knee replacement surgical procedure - BRING EAR BUDS!  
Fri: (KNEE REPLACEMENT SURGERY 8:40-10:15), In class: time to practice for Monday's quiz, watch review videos
*Next week: QUIZ on Monday (axial); Discuss details of ribs, vertebrae and start the appendicular skeleton; get "break work"

Week of 11/2: 7.6 (NO SCHOOL ON MON-TUES)
This 'week' we will continue to focus on the skull.  HW (skull label /color) DUE FRIDAY
​* First Quiz of the Quarter next Monday!


Week of 10/26: 7.5-7.6 
This week we will overview the major bones of the skeleton and focus on the details of the skull
Mon: Axial and appendicular skeleton, labels for bone surface markings
Tues: Skull notes
THURSDAY:Last Quiz of Qtr. 1 (7.1-7.5)  (HAD TO MOVE TO THURSDAY DUE TO BUILDING EVENTS ON FRIDAY!) Expect me to ask about identifying locations of major bones, axial v. appendicular skeleton, a tiny bit of skull specific questions and a little bit of "old stuff" (directional terms, bone anatomy, etc.)
Friday: Time to work on HW and preparations for next week's quiz!

Week of 10/19: 7.4
Mon
: Fracture discussion, discuss osteopenia and osteoporosis
Tuesday: Discuss the role of PTH in maintaining blood calcium levels, Review fractures in terms of fractures of the hand
Thurs: wrap up fractures, repair process
Fri: Quiz (7.3-7.4), Start discussion of 7.5 - Gross anatomy of the Skeleton!!
Ankle fracture surgery

Week of 10/12: Chapter 7
Mon: another pre-quiz, bone growth and development discussion (7.3)
Tues: Discuss fractures
Thurs: HW Due (7.3 review)Quiz (7.1-7.3), fracture discussion
Fri: NO SCHOOL!

Week of 10/5: Chapter 7.1-7.3
Monday- Tuesday: Discuss skeletal arrangement and microanatomy of bone
Thursday:HW DUE (Further Review,..), We will review the parts of a long bone
Gross anatomy of a long bones review video
Friday:Quiz (Chapter 7.1-7.3)

Week of 9/28: Chapter 7, Interims mailed home
Mon: Quiz (chapter 6), HW Due (Clinical Applications Ch. 6)
    Crash Course Integumentary System - pt.1 
    Crash Course Integumentary System - pt. 2
    Bozeman Science Integumentary System
    General Integumentary System Lecture for review

Tues: Wrap up Integumentary System with Sensation
Wed:Start Skeletal System (ch. 7) discussion, Given HW assignment due Friday
Thurs: Continue Chapter 7.1-7.3 discussion
Friday: TEST (Chapters 1,5-7.3; IF ABSENT SEE ME MONDAY!), HW Due: 7.1-7.3 Review

Week of 9/21: Chapter 6 (NO SCHOOL ON FRIDAY!)
Mon - Thurs: Chapter 6 notes
Thurs: HW DUE (Integumentary System Review - pt. 1)
* Next Mon: HW DUE (Clinical Applications Ch. 6) and Quiz (Chapter 6), We will start chapter 7 this week!

Week of 9/14: Chapter 1.8, 5
Monday: Quiz 2 (chapter 1), practice defining medical fields, HW (optional!) due on Friday
Tuesday:Chapter 5 notes (Tissues)
Wednesday:Wrap up Chapter 5 notes (Tissues)
Thursday: (some seniors will be out): Practice 1.8 terminology
Friday: Tissues SG HW due (optional), Quiz 3 (focus on 1.8, chapter 5), read article about optogenetics and sonogenetics
* Next week Ch.6: Integumentary System

Week of 9/8:  Chapter 1.6-1.8 Intro to Anatomical Terminology
* If absent: get notes from a classmate, study textbook section.  You will be quizzed.
Tuesday: Wrap up Life Span Changes (1.7) started on Fri., Discuss relative position and some cavities(1.6,1.8), given HW due on Thursday
Wednesday: wrap up cavity discussion, discuss body sections and abdominal subdivisions (1.8), practice some
Thursday: HW due, We will get to the last of our notes over abdominal subdivisions today, more practice before quiz, start landmark terminology today
Friday: Quiz 2(mainly 1.6-1.8) POSTPONED UNTIL MONDAY!!!!! Instead, we will do a lab practicing relative directional terms and body regions.
* Next week: Wrap up chapter 1, Chapter 5 Tissues

Weeks of 8/26 and 8/30:Nervous System and Chapter 1
  • In the first few days of the course we will focus on a course overview, some details of the nervous system & how learning occurs, review the characteristics of life and major requirements for life touched on in both, Biology and Chemistry.
* As of Friday 8/28: We have focused on systems of communication, mostly nervous.  If absent or need more info from class discussion, refer to pages 354-362, though getting the notes from someone else enrolled in Anatomy would be ideal as the book goes a little deeper than I have at this point.
  • In the second week, we will focus on outlining the structures and functions of the major body systems, terminology of body position, major body cavities, body sections and start looking at terminology of body regions (1.6-1.8).
* " Major Systems..." HW due on Tuesday 9/1
* 1st Quiz on Friday 9/4 (nervous system arrangement, Chapter 1.2-1.5: requirements for life, details of homeostasis, general systems knowledge) 
Learning Objectives
Reproductive:
  • Describe function(s) of each part of the male reproductive system.
  • Describe semen production; exit from body
  • Describe function(s) of each part of the female reproductive system.
  • Describe major events of female reproductive cycle. □
  • Describe fertilization.  
  • Describe implantation.
  • Describe major events of embryonic development. 
Chapter 17: Digestive
  • Describe general functions of digestive system.
  • Name major organs of digestive system.
  • Explain how the contents of the alimentary canal are mixed and moved.
  • Describe the function and structures associated with the mouth.
  • Explain how the products of digestion are absorbed.
  • Explain control and movement of material through the alimentary canal.
  • Describe how digestive secretions are regulated.
  • Describe the mechanisms of swallowing, vomiting and defecating
Chapter 19: Respiratory
  • Identify the general functions of the respiratory system.
  • Explain why respiration is necessary for cellular survival.
  • Name and describe the locations of the organs of the respiratory system.
  • Describe the functions of each organ of the respiratory system.
  • Explain how inspiration and expiration are accomplished.
  •  Discuss how various factors affect breathing.
  • Explain how the blood transports oxygen and carbon dioxide.
  • Describe gas exchange in the pulmonary and systemic circuits 
Chapter 20: Urinary
  • Name the organs and general functions of the urinary system.
  • Describe the location, structure, blood flow and functions of the kidneys.
  • Explain urine concentration/composition.
  • Describe the structures, of the ureters, urinary bladder and urethra.
  • List routes by which water enters and leaves the body.
  • Explain the regulation of water input and water output.
  • List the routes by which electrolytes enter and leave the body.
Chapter 14: Blood
  • Describe the general characteristics of blood, blood elements, and the major functions.
  • Distinguish between the formed elements of the blood and the liquid portion of blood.
  • Describe the origin of blood cells.
  • Explain the significance: rbc counts and how they are used to diagnose disease.
  • Discuss the life cycle of the rbc.
  • Summarize the control of red blood cell production.
  • Distinguish among the five types of white blood cell, stating the functions of each.
  • Describe the blood platelet and explain its function.
  • Describe the function of each major components of plasma.
  • Define homeostasis and explain the mechanisms that help to achieve it.
  • Review the major steps in coagulations.
  • Explain how to prevent coagulation.
  • Explain blood typing and how it is used to avoid adverse reactions following blood transfusions.
  • Describe how blood reactions may occur between fetal and material tissue. 

Chapter 9: Muscular System
  • List various outcomes of muscle actions.
  • Describe and name the major parts of a skeletal muscle fiber and describe the functions of each.
  • Describe and identify the major events of skeletal fiber contraction.
  • Explain how various types of muscular contractions produce body movement and help maintain posture.
  • Distinguish between fast and slow twitch muscle fibers
  • Compare the contraction mechanism of skeletal and smooth muscle fibers.
  • Compare the contraction mechanism of skeletal and cardiac muscle fibers.
  • Explain how the attachments, locations, and interactions of skeletal muscle make possible certain movements.
  • Identify and locate the skeletal muscles of each body region and describe the action(s) of each muscle.
  • Describe the muscular changes associated with life span changes.
Chapter 8: Joints
  • List the functions of joints.
  • Describe how bones of cartilaginous joints are held together.
  • Describe the general structure of a synovial joint.
  • Explain how skeletal muscles produce movements at joints, and identify several types of joint movements 

Chapter 7: Skeletal
  • Discuss the living tissues found in bone even though bone appears to be inert.
  • Classify bones according to their shapes, and name an example from each group.
  • Describe the effects of sunlight, nutrition, hormonal secretions, and exercise on bone development and growth.
  • Discuss the major functions of bones
  • Distinguish between the axial and appendicular skeletons, and name the major parts of each

Chapter 6: Integumentary System
  • Define the term organ.
  • Describe the structure and function of the skin.
  • Determine what factors determine skin coloration.
  • Describe how the skin helps regulate body temperature.
  • Distinguish between the types of burns, and illustrate the healing process. 

Chapter 5: Tissues
  • Describe how cells are organized into tissues.
  • Describe the structure, function and characteristics of epithelial tissue.
  • Identify, compare and contrast different kinds of connective tissue. 
  • Distinguish among the three different kinds of muscle tissue. 
  • Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.

Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Explain how anatomy and physiology are related.
  • List the levels of organization in the human body and the characteristics of each.
  • List and describe the major characteristics of life.
  • List and describe the major requirements of organisms.
  • Define and explain the importance of homeostasis.
  • Identify the major body cavities and identify the organs located in each cavity.
  • Name the major organ systems, list the organs associated with each, and describe the general function of each system.
  • Properly use the terms that describe relative positions, body sections, and body regions.